Among the more well known are The Secret of Divine Civilization, the Tablet to Auguste-Henri Forel, and Some Answered Questions. The teachings of Baháʼu'lláh form the foundation of Baháʼí belief. Mohamad Tavakoli-Targhi, (2008) "Anti-Bahaiʼism and Islamism in Iran". Prayer and fasting is required by all, they strongly encourage marriage, and don't believe in drinking alcohol.  His followers were therefore known as Bábís. It is to NO surprise that such a one-world minded religion would be very popular with the New Age movement of our day, and it surely is. The second sign instructs the Diné to look for a “great chief with twelve feathers” or “twelve great principles.” There are twelve basic principles in the Baha’i Faith. In Baháʼí belief, this process of progressive revelation will not end; it is, however, believed to be cyclical. Prominent among Baháʼí literature are the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, the Kitáb-i-Íqán, Some Answered Questions, and The Dawn-Breakers. Following the coming of a Manifestation of God extraordinary progress occurs in the world. Baháʼís annually elect local, regional, and national Spiritual Assemblies that govern the religion's affairs. Welcome to the Baha'i Faith of Metropolitan Kansas City, also known as Baha'i Faith Cluster MO-7.  Interracial marriage is also highly praised throughout Baháʼí scripture. Since the Baháʼí teachings state that God is too great for humans to ever comprehend or to create more than a limited conception of, the Baháʼí scripture instead focuses on the created divine virtues and attributes which are described in the teachings of the Manifestations. , The House of Justice directs the work of the Baháʼí community through a series of multi-year international plans that began with a nine-year plan in 1964. Therefore, human understanding of God is achieved through his revelations via his Manifestations. Without documents, they could not be employed, educated, treated in hospitals, travel outside of the country, or vote, among other hardships. Baháʼís do not expect a new manifestation of God to appear within 1000 years of Baháʼu'lláh's revelation. The former consists of two five-pointed stars interspersed with a stylized Baháʼ whose shape is meant to recall the three onenesses, while the latter is a calligraphic rendering of the phrase Yá Baháʼu'l-Abhá (يا بهاء الأبهى "O Glory of the Most Glorious!").  Additionally, Baháʼís have self-organized in most of the nations of the world. , Baháʼís intending to marry are asked to obtain a thorough understanding of the other's character before deciding to marry. Beyond this lay the difficulty which the regime faced in harnessing the nationalist movement that had supported Musaddiq. While its teachings are many, its core principles are three; one God, one religion, and one people: 1.  The importance of self-exertion and service to humanity in one's spiritual life is emphasised further in Baháʼu'lláh's writings, where he states that work done in the spirit of service to humanity enjoys a rank equal to that of prayer and worship in the sight of God. It was initiated and established by the Báb and various works were written in calligraphy shaped into a five-pointed star.  The United Nations Commission on Human Rights revealed an October 2005 confidential letter from Command Headquarters of the Armed Forces of Iran ordering its members to identify Baháʼís and to monitor their activities. The payments go to the, This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 16:54. In addition to the daily obligatory prayer, Baháʼís should offer daily devotional prayer and to meditate and study sacred scripture. , With specific regard to the pursuit of world peace, Baháʼu'lláh prescribed a world-embracing collective security arrangement for the establishment of a temporary era of peace referred to in the Baha'i teachings as the Lesser Peace. , Current initiatives of social action include activities in areas like health, sanitation, education, gender equality, arts and media, agriculture, and the environment. From a letter written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi to an individual believer dated 9 June 1932, Stockman, R. H. (2012). Elimination of all forms of prejudice. Every human is seen to have a duty to recognize God through his messengers, and to conform to their teachings.  Baháʼís describe their faith as an independent world religion, differing from the other traditions in its relative age and in the appropriateness of Baháʼu'lláh's teachings to the modern context. [b] Established by Baháʼu'lláh in the 19th century, it initially developed in Persia and parts of the Middle East, where it has faced ongoing persecution since its inception. Last update: December 26, 2017 Ye are the fruits of one tree, and the leaves of one branch.”. According to Baháʼí belief when a human dies the soul is permanently separated from the body and carries on in the next world where it is judged based on the person's actions in the physical world.  Monasticism is forbidden, and Baháʼís are taught to practice spirituality while engaging in useful work. Shoghi Effendi, the head of the religion from 1921 to 1957, wrote the following summary of what he considered to be the distinguishing principles of Baháʼu'lláh's teachings, which, he said, together with the laws and ordinances of the Kitáb-i-Aqdas constitute the bedrock of the Baháʼí Faith: The independent search after truth, unfettered by superstition or tradition; the oneness of the entire human race, the pivotal principle and fundamental doctrine of the Faith; the basic unity of all religions; the condemnation of all forms of prejudice, whether religious, racial, class or national; the harmony which must exist between religion and science; the equality of men and women, the two wings on which the bird of human kind is able to soar; the introduction of compulsory education; the adoption of a universal auxiliary language; the abolition of the extremes of wealth and poverty; the institution of a world tribunal for the adjudication of disputes between nations; the exaltation of work, performed in the spirit of service, to the rank of worship; the glorification of justice as the ruling principle in human society, and of religion as a bulwark for the protection of all peoples and nations; and the establishment of a permanent and universal peace as the supreme goal of all mankind—these stand out as the essential elements [which Baháʼu'lláh proclaimed]. The fundamental principles of the Prophets are scientific, but the forms and imitations which have appeared are opposed to science. Baháʼu'lláh's Kitáb-i-Aqdas and The Will and Testament of ʻAbdu'l-Bahá are foundational documents of the Baháʼí administrative order. Bahá’u’lláh, the most recent of God’s Manifestations, teaches us that the signs of the existence of God are everywhere: “Every created thing in the whole universe is but a door leading into His knowledge, a sign of His sovereignty, a revelation of His names, a symbol of His majesty, a token of His power, a means of admittance into His straight Path…” 5 The beauty, richness, and diversity of the natural world are thus …  The years from 2001 until 2021 represent four successive five-year plans, culminating in the centennial anniversary of the passing of ʻAbdu'l-Bahá. Harmony of religion and science. Throughout the rest of his life Baháʼu'lláh gained the allegiance of most of the Bábís, who came to be known as Baháʼís. , The religion entered a new phase of activity when a message of the Universal House of Justice dated 20 October 1983 was released. pp. Worldwide, as of 2018, ten Baháʼí Houses of Worship, including eight Mother Temples and two local Houses of Worship have been built and a further five are planned for construction. Thus, all of humanity's conceptions of God which have been derived throughout history are mere manifestations of the human mind and not at all reflective of the nature of God's essence. Baha’is believe that throughout the ages, God has sent Divine Messengers known as Manifestations of God—among them Abraham, Krishna, Zoroaster, Moses, Buddha, Jesus Christ, Muhammad, and, in more recent times, the Báb and Bahá’u’lláh —to cultivate humanity’s spiritual, intellectual and moral capacities. , The Baháʼí scriptures often refer to God by various titles and attributes, such as Almighty, All-Powerful, All-Wise, Incomparable, Gracious, Helper, All-Glorious, Omniscient and All-Loving. Baháʼu'lláh established the elected Universal House of Justice, and ʻAbdu'l-Bahá established the appointed hereditary Guardianship and clarified the relationship between the two institutions.  It is derived from the Arabic Baháʼ (بهاء), meaning "glory" or "splendor". See for example: In line with this is the thinking that the government encouraged the campaign to distract attention from more serious problems, including acute economic difficulties. Humanity is seen as essentially one, though highly varied; its diversity of race and culture are seen as worthy of appreciation and acceptance. The Baháʼí Faith has also undertaken joint development programs with various other United Nations agencies. Baháʼís regard his resting place at Bahjí as the Qiblih to which they turn in prayer each day..  In the late 1970s the Shah's regime consistently lost legitimacy due to criticism that it was pro-Western. , The Baháʼí teachings state that there is only one God and that his essence is absolutely inaccessible from the physical realm of existence and that, therefore, his reality is completely unknowable. Some of the fundamental teachings of the Baha'i Faith: The oneness of God. The Baháʼí Faith is described in reliable sources as a 'religion', 'sect'. “…The tabernacle of unity hath been raised; regard ye not one another as strangers. For this reason, Baha'is are very accepting of all religions. “Baha’i Faith- Modern Perspectives” is an introductory presentation series on a diverse range of topics related to the Baha’i teachings, hosted by the Parhami family.. The Báb's claim to divine revelation was rejected by the generality of Islamic clergy in Iran, ending in his public execution by authorities in 1850.  The Baháʼí teachings state that the unification of humanity is the paramount issue in the religious and political conditions of the present world. , While some of the laws from the Kitáb-i-Aqdas are applicable at the present time, others are dependent upon the existence of a predominantly Baháʼí society, such as the punishments for arson or murder. The latter do not serve as clergy, which the Baháʼí Faith does not have. Although the Baháʼí teachings have a strong emphasis on social and ethical issues, a number of foundational texts have been described as mystical. In the 2000 Millennium Forum of the United Nations a Baháʼí was invited as the only non-governmental speaker during the summit. A&C Black. Baháʼís observe 11 Holy Days throughout the year, with work suspended on 9 of these. They further state: "The Baha'i Faith is the only religion to have grown faster in every United Nations region over the past 100 years than the general population; Bahaʼi was thus the fastest-growing religion between 1910 and 2010, growing at least twice as fast as the population of almost every UN region.  In 1953, he launched the first international plan, the Ten Year World Crusade. Baháʼu'lláh was put in prison.  Baháʼu'lláh is believed to have fulfilled the messianic expectations of these precursor faiths. Baha’i Faith, religion founded in Iraq in the mid-19th century by Mirza Hosayn ‘Ali Nuri, who is known as Baha’ Allah. The religion has three central figures: the Báb (1819–1850), considered a herald who taught that God would soon send a prophet in the same way of Jesus or Muhammad and who was executed by Iranian authorities in 1850; Baháʼu'lláh (1817–1892), who claimed to be that prophet in 1863 and faced exile and imprisonment for most of his life; and his son, ʻAbdu'l-Bahá (1844–1921), who was released from confinement in 1908 and made teaching trips to Europe and the United States. , The Baháʼí community was mostly confined to the Iranian and Ottoman empires until after the death of Baháʼu'lláh in 1892, at which time he had followers in 13 countries of Asia and Africa.  Though inaccessible directly, God is nevertheless seen as conscious of creation, with a will and purpose expressed through messengers called Manifestations of God. In English, the word Baháʼí is used either as an adjective to refer to the Baháʼí Faith or as a term for a follower of Baháʼu'lláh. It was first translated into English in 1906, becoming one of the earliest available books of Baháʼu'lláh to the West.  In March 2011 the sentences were reinstated to the original 20 years. God is the imperishable, uncreated being who is the source of all existence. Baháʼu'lláh first announces his claim to divine revelation in Baghdad, Iraq. These functions include teaching and education, implementing Baháʼí laws, addressing social issues, and caring for the weak and the poor. Consequently, Baháʼís were unable to obtain government identification documents (such as national identification cards, birth certificates, death certificates, marriage or divorce certificates, or passports) necessary to exercise their rights in their country unless they lied about their religion, which conflicts with Baháʼí religious principle.  The existence of God and the universe is thought to be eternal, without a beginning or end. The Baha’i Faith was founded by two Divine Educators, the Bab and Baha’u’llah.  In fact it was the Iranian leader Naser al-Din Shah Qajar who banished Baháʼu'lláh from Iran to the Ottoman Empire and Baháʼu'lláh was later exiled by the Ottoman Sultan, at the behest of the Iranian Shah, to territories further away from Iran and finally to Acre in Syria, which only a century later was incorporated into the state of Israel. Baháʼu'lláh taught that religion is revealed in an orderly and progressive way by Manifestations of God, who are the founders of major world religions throughout history; Buddha, Jesus, and Muhammad are noted as the most recent of these before the Báb and Baháʼu'lláh. The Bahá’í Faith is the youngest of the world’s independent religions.  From the time of the initial exile from Iran, tensions grew between him and Subh-i-Azal, the appointed leader of the Bábís, who did not recognize Baháʼu'lláh's claim. There are also appointed individuals working at various levels, including locally and internationally, which perform the function of propagating the teachings and protecting the community. , Baháʼu'lláh wrote of the need for world government in this age of humanity's collective life. According to a US panel, attacks on Baháʼís in Iran increased under Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's presidency. After initially strict and harsh confinement, he was allowed to live in a home near ʻAkká, while still officially a prisoner of that city. He produced over 18,000 works in his lifetime, in both Arabic and Persian, of which only 8% have been translated into English.  The Seven Valleys is considered Baháʼu'lláh's "greatest mystical composition. In Brookshaw & Fazel, eds. We are eagerly preparing to hold a variety of events to celebrate the 200th Birthday of the Founder of the Faith, Baha'u'llah, born in 1817! The Baháʼí Faith was ranked by Foreign Policy magazine as the world's second fastest growing religion by percentage (1.7%) in 2007.. He taught there is one God and one human family, and that the great religions of the world represent successive stages in the spiritual evolution of human society. Baháʼís thus regard the world's religions as chapters in the history of one single faith, revealed by God's Manifestations progressively and in stages. The Bahá'í Faith is the only world religion whose teachings and writing embrace without question the fundamental equality of men and women. God is known through the lives and teachings of his great prophets, the … As our knowledge of things, even of created and limited things, is knowledge of their qualities and not of their essence, how is it possible to comprehend in its essence the Divine Reality, which is unlimited? , Since its inception the Baháʼí Faith has had involvement in socio-economic development beginning by giving greater freedom to women, promulgating the promotion of female education as a priority concern, and that involvement was given practical expression by creating schools, agricultural co-ops, and clinics. Humanity is a single race and one family 4.  Baha'is believe that God periodically reveals his will through divine messengers, whose purpose is to transform the character of humankind and to develop, within those who respond, moral and spiritual qualities. Shoghi Effendi served for 36 years as the head of the religion until his death.  The Báb's tomb, located in Haifa, Israel, is an important place of pilgrimage for Baháʼís. After receiving chastising letters from Baháʼu'lláh, Ottoman authorities turned against him and put him under house arrest in Adrianople (now Edirne), where he remained for four years, until a royal decree of 1868 banished all Bábís to either Cyprus or ʻAkká. , The Baháʼí teachings speak of a "Greater Covenant", being universal and endless, and a "Lesser Covenant", being unique to each religious dispensation.  The list is not authoritative and a variety of such lists circulate. The writings of the Báb and Baháʼu'lláh are considered as divine revelation, the writings and talks of ʻAbdu'l-Bahá and the writings of Shoghi Effendi as authoritative interpretation, and those of the Universal House of Justice as authoritative legislation and elucidation.  Baháʼu'lláh writes on this subject: All-praise to the unity of God, and all-honour to Him, the sovereign Lord, the incomparable and all-glorious Ruler of the universe, Who, out of utter nothingness, hath created the reality of all things, Who, from naught, hath brought into being the most refined and subtle elements of His creation, and Who, rescuing His creatures from the abasement of remoteness and the perils of ultimate extinction, hath received them into His kingdom of incorruptible glory.  Muslim institutions and clergy, both Sunni and Shi'a, consider Baháʼís to be deserters or apostates from Islam, which has led to Baháʼís being persecuted. Baha'i Beliefs about God Bahá'ís believe that there is only one God, the Creator of the universe.  The Iranian government also accuses the Baháʼí Faith of being associated with Zionism.  Baháʼís believe Baháʼu'lláh, the founder of the Baháʼí Faith, is the "complete incarnation of the names and attributes of God". His given name was Husayn-`Ali Nuri, and he was born in Tihran on 12 November 1817 into the household of a prominent Iranian government dignitary, Mirza Abbas Nuri. Baha’i Religion QUESTION: What does the Baha’i religion believe about God? He is neither male nor female. , The canonical texts of the Baháʼí Faith are the writings of the Báb, Baháʼu'lláh, ʻAbdu'l-Bahá, Shoghi Effendi and the Universal House of Justice, and the authenticated talks of ʻAbdu'l-Bahá. His father left a will that appointed ʻAbdu'l-Bahá as the leader of the Baháʼí community, and designated him as the "Centre of the Covenant", "Head of the Faith", and the sole authoritative interpreter of Baháʼu'lláh's writings. Baháʼís regard the major religions as fundamentally unified in purpose, though varied in social practices and interpretations. While the Baháʼí writings teach of a personal god who is a being with a personality (including the capacity to reason and to feel love), they clearly state that this does not imply a human or physical form. At this time Baháʼís view Baháʼu'lláh's revelation as a binding lesser covenant for his followers; in the Baháʼí writings being firm in the covenant is considered a virtue to work toward. The Hidden Words is another book written by Baháʼu'lláh during the same period, containing 153 short passages in which Baháʼu'lláh claims to have taken the basic essence of certain spiritual truths and written them in brief form. At the same time the Tribunal condemned "in most unequivocal and emphatic language the followers of Baha'u'llah as the believers in heresy, offensive and injurious to Islam, and wholly incompatible with the accepted doctrines and practice of its orthodox adherents. , Baháʼís believe that God expresses his will at all times and in many ways, and specifically through a series of divine messengers referred to as Manifestations of God or sometimes divine educators.  He announced in letters during the Ten Year Crusade that it would be followed by other plans under the direction of the Universal House of Justice, which was elected in 1963 at the culmination of the Crusade. In 1863, at the time of his removal from Baghdad, Baháʼu'lláh first announced his claim of prophethood to his family and followers, which he said came to him years earlier while in a dungeon of Tehran.  Other observers were not allowed in the court.  Baha’i Religion or Baha’i is believed that God periodically reveals his will through divine messengers, whose purpose is to transform the character of humankind and to develop, within those who respond to moral and spiritual qualities. The general functions of this body are defined through the writings of Baháʼu'lláh and clarified in the writings of Abdu'l-Bahá and Shoghi Effendi. – Baha’u’llah. The Baha'is sacred text or Most Holy Book, contains the laws for behavior, both personal and public.  ʻAbdu'l-Bahá writes, Therefore, we learn that nearness to God is possible through devotion to Him, through entrance into the Kingdom and service to humanity; it is attained by unity with mankind and through loving-kindness to all; it is dependent upon investigation of truth, acquisition of praiseworthy virtues, service in the cause of universal peace and personal sanctification.  Shoghi Effendi, the head of the Baháʼí Faith in the first half of the 20th century, described God as inaccessible, omniscient, almighty, personal, and rational, and rejected pantheistic, anthropomorphic and incarnationist beliefs.. , So perfect and comprehensive is His creation that no mind or heart, however keen or pure, can ever grasp the nature of the most insignificant of His creatures; much less fathom the mystery of Him Who is the Day Star of Truth, Who is the invisible and unknowable Essence.... Worldwide in 1979 there were 129 officially recognized Baháʼí socio-economic development projects.  The Baháʼí teachings on marriage call it a fortress for well-being and salvation and place marriage and the family as the foundation of the structure of human society. As the Báb's teachings spread, which the Islamic clergy saw as blasphemous, his followers came under increased persecution and torture. 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