BM: Then there’s the humble character of a soprano solo on the words “For he has regarded the lowliness of his handmaiden,”. Bach’s Magnificat enters its final chapter, the music returns to what began the piece, expressing what’s described in the text: As it was in the beginning, is now and forever. [41], The text is "Virga Jesse floruit, Emanuel noster apparuit, Induit carnem Hominis, Fit puer delectabilis. Zamów dostawę do dowolnego salonu i zapłać przy odbiorze! First, seventh and last movement are in the tonic key, with full orchestra and choir. Before Magnificat, here is pianist Andras Schiff, with part of Bach’s Well-Tempered Clavier. The Magnificat is the first large choral work that Bach composed after his appointment in Leipzig in the spring of 1723. BM: Yet in the face of that humility, she knows she’ll be blessed, quote, “by all generations,” the chorus exploding into a fugue symbolising believers across eternity. Vocibus cum Basso continuo", pp. [111][112] In 2003 Ton Koopman recorded the Christmas version of Bach's Magnificat with Amsterdam Baroque in the St. Thomas church in Leipzig. [72] It is the only movement for which Bach marked the tempo at the beginning: Adagio (only D major version). [72] The conclusion, mente cordis sui, is marked Adagio and illustrates the text in long chords, with accents by the trumpets. [41], As these laudes were to be performed with a very limited accompaniment of instruments, they were supposedly performed from the small loft in the high choir of the Thomaskirche, opposite to the large organ loft where the other movements of the Magnificat were performed. Five vocal soloists are required: two sopranos (sI, sII), alto (a), tenor (t) and bass (b). He did the same in his funeral motet Jesu, meine Freude. [117], That the composition ranges among Bach's most popular vocal works is illustrated by its regular appearance in classical music polls like Klara's Top 75/Top 100 [nl]. Bach sets this first laudes a cappella in four parts, and, like the two preceding movements, in the tonic key. Conn Brass Trumpets. Lutheran theologians thus rejected the Vulgate version (they would have the verse end on "... bonae voluntes" in Latin), while composers were attached to the classic formula for its melodious rhythm. Kuhnau's Magnificat has standard SATB soloists, but like Bach's, a SSATB choir. Kuhnau's Magnificat, his largest extant vocal work, has a similar orchestration as the first version of Bach's Magnificat (differences: Kuhnau's has a second viola, Bach's has two recorders in one movement), and it has the same "expandability" with settings of the same laudes for a Christmas performance. 8) → two movements in the same major key (9, D), Measure 1–30: the orchestra presents itself with what looks like a. In Bach's time the feast day of Visitation fell on 2 July. Bach: Magnificat / Christmas Cantata - Collegium Vocale Gent, Herreweghe Philippe , tylko w empik.com: . >>The first piccolo trumpet in G was made by F. Besson for a performance by Teste of Bach s Magnificat in 1885. W latach 1732–1735 Bach przekomponował utwór (zmienił tonację z Es-dur na D-dur) i w tej wersji (BWV 243) wykonywany jest on dziś najczęściej. : Magnificat - A Bach Christmas - New London Consort, Philip Pickett , tylko w empik.com: 37,99 zł . [67][68] In the 1733 version this continuo line is given to a continuo that includes cello, but not bassoon and violone. Bach set the Magnificat for SSATB five-part choir. This Magnificat interpolation is the only place where Bach uses a version of the Gloria text that differs from the Vulgate, more or less catching the spirit of the theologian-approved version. [33][34], The first occasion after the mourning period that re-allowed concerted church music was the feast of Visitation, Thursday 2 July 1733. [50] Further, Bach copied Latin Magnificats by other composers: Bach's Magnificat consists of eleven movements for the text of Luke 1:46–55, concluded by a twelfth doxology movement. [13] The tonus peregrinus (or ninth tone) is associated with the ninth mode or Aeolian mode. [101] Wolfgang Gönnenwein's Bach: Magnificat in D (Including Christmas Interpolations), with the Deutsche Bachsolisten and the Süddeutscher Madrigalchor appeared in the 1970s. The San Francisco Choral Society performed the Magnificat in D by J.S. [15] He uses it again in his "German Magnificat", i.e. (Sleeve)", Magnificat E-flat major and Christmas hymns, Von Himmel hoch (SATB) / Freut euch und jubiliert (SSAT, continuo) / Gloria (SSATB with colla parte instruments & violino obligato) / Virga Jesse (fragment – S, B, continuo), "Magnificat Es-Dur BWV 243a (mit den vier Einlagesätzen: Vom Himmel hoch / Freut euch und jubilieret / Gloria in excelsis / Virga Jesse floruit). [46] A similar cantata on a German paraphrase of the Magnificat, Meine Seele rühmt und preist, BWV 189 for tenor solo and composed for Visitation, has also been attributed to Hoffmann.[47][48]. This version, including the Christmas interpolations, was given the number 243.1 (previously 243a) in the catalogue of Bach's works. [33][34][35], In 2003 Bach scholar Andreas Glöckner argued that the very first version of Bach's Magnificat, that is the E♭ major version before the four Christmas interpolations were added to the autograph, was first performed on 2 July 1723. The Christmas additions are separated by two Magnificat verses, the first addition being after the second verse. Die Erde jubilieret, BWV 31, an Easter cantata from 1715). Bach: Leipzig Christmas cantatas; Magnificat/Herreweghe", Performance of the Magnificat in D major (BWV 243), Masses, magnificat, passions and oratorios, List of compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Magnificat_(Bach)&oldid=1000737435, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Et misericordia ejus a progenie in progenies, Sicut erat in principio, et nunc, et semper, Christmas interpolations: traditional German/Latin texts. Classical 99.5 | Classical Radio Boston. In Leipzig, the Magnificat was regularly part of Sunday services, sung in German on ordinary Sundays but more elaborately and in Latin on the high holidays (Christmas, Easter and Pentecost)[3] and on the three Marian feasts Annunciation, Visitation and Purification.[4][5]. [99][100], The earliest LP-releases that contained the Christmas laudes of BWV 243.1 inserted them, transposed, in the D major version BWV 243.2 of the Magnificat. [49][50] Similarly, a Meine Seele erhebet den Herrn cantata by an unknown librettist for Visitation 1725. [42], Fecit potentiam (He shows strength) shares key and scoring with the first movement. As natural trumpets were usually tuned in D in Saxony,[61] this is given as a reason why Bach transposed the initial E-flat major version to D major.[62]. Ed. Here are three fine examples of the Magnificat - Kuhnau, Zelenka, and J.S. [96] LP recordings of the early 1950s included live performances of the Magnificat directed by Otto Klemperer and by Herbert von Karajan, the last one with Elisabeth Schwarzkopf as soprano. [11], Another characteristic of Bach's Magnificat is that it is set for a five-part chorus. [14] For the traditional setting of Luther's German Magnificat that is the minor mode for which the last note of the melodic formula is the tonic, a fifth below its opening note. Measure 61–75: in the first measure of this block the altos sing the first main motive while all instruments halt for at least a few beats. Language: Latin Instruments: Orchestra (2 flutes, 2 oboes, 3 trumpets, timpani, strings, continuo) First published: 1862 in Bach-Gesellschaft Ausgabe, Band 11.1 Opus: BWV 0243, 16 movements It is the first major liturgical composition on a Latin text by Bach. Philippe Herreweghe leads Collegium Vocale of Ghent, here on The Bach Hour. For the first Christmas of his new position in Leipzig in 1723, Bach’s ambition was at an all-time high. All notes and texts are included in English, German and French translations. You’re listening to The Bach Hour from WCRB, online at Classical WCRB dot org. The Vulgate version translates as "Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace to people of good will", while the end of the Greek version is rendered more correctly as "Peace on earth, and good will towards men", as it was understood by Luther ("Friede auf Erden und den Menschen ein Wohlgefallen"). Visitation was the first feast day of his tenure, which called for exceptionally festive music.[39]. 9 Esurientes, but are not part of the tutti. [MUSIC] BM: But Bach’s Magnificat goes well beyond that one expression. Around 1733 Bach filed two cantatas by Gottfried Heinrich Stölzel, for the fifth and the sixth Sunday after Trinity (5 and 12 July in 1733): Bach may have relied on church music by other composers for the services in Leipzig in July 1733, while composing and copying out the performance parts of the extensive first part of the Mass in B minor. Bach uses the melodic formula as an instrumental cantus firmus in movement 10 (Suscepit Israel) of his Latin Magnificat. Over two and a half hours, this programme encompasses the grand scale of the Magnificat in D (BWV243) and Missa Brevis in A (BWV234). Przeczytaj recenzję Bach: Magnificat / Christmas Cantata. 21; however, its authenticity was doubted. And among the hundreds of cantatas, the Passions, the masses, and the oratorios, Magnificat is unique. In movement 10 (Suscepit Israel) both sopranos sing together with the alto. Brian McCreath (BM): At the heart of this music is the word “magnify,” something you can hear from its opening notes, as trumpets climb higher and higher. [62], Philippe Herreweghe's 2002 recording of BWV 243.1 with Collegium Vocale Gent was released by Harmonia Mundi in 2003. By verse, this is what the harmonic structure looks like:[69][70], Regarding voices and orchestration the four Magnificat verses between the first and the seventh movement, and those between the seventh and the last, have a less symmetrical build-up: here the idea is rather that after a tutti movement there are two or three arias building up to the next choral movement:[69], The last aria in each of these sets of arias is first a solo, then a duet, then a terzet (trio). [93][94], In 1924 Arnold Schering edited the full orchestral score of the D major version of Bach's Magnificat for publication by Ernst Eulenburg and Edition Peters. 21", "Meine Seele rühmt und preist BWV 189 / Anh. The better known version from the Vulgate, ending on "... bonae voluntatis", is an incorrect rendering of the original Greek version of Luke 2:14, there said by angels in the Christmas night. Bach, J.S. [116] The "synthetic" D major version, that is the D major version of the Magnificat with the Christmas laudes transposed to fit in that version, now published both by Novello and Bärenreiter, found performers and audiences. [39][72] The voices imitate each other, in gentle movement. Measure 31–75: accompanied by the continuo, the chorus enters as a concerto soloist, imitating the opening material. [PDF + MP3 (digital sound)] + Video - Trumpet and String Orchestra - Baroque * License : Public Domain - Johann Sebastian Bach's Magnificat is a musical setting of the biblical canticle Magnificat. [24] Such an example can be found in Claudio Monteverdi's Magnificat a 7 voci, one of two alternative Magnificat settings included in his Vespro della Beata Vergine. [59] The duration of the version without Christmas hymns is comparable with that of an average Bach cantata. Measure 16–30: in measure 16, almost imperceptible in the whirling movement of other instruments, violin I presents a new motive: it is the second main motive. Schilke Brass Trumpets. and is a fragment of a longer Christmas hymn that was printed in Gottfried Vopelius' Neu Leipziger Gesangbuch. Verse 6 (movement 7, followed by movement C in the Christmas version): Verse 8 (movement 9, followed by movement D in the Christmas version): major key different from tonic, Verse 9 (movement 10): relative minor key. [23] In a Lutheran tradition there is for example Schütz' Latin Magnificat, SWV 468. In the 1723 version movement 10 (Suscepit Israel) has a bassett (Ba) part played exclusively by violins and viola in unisono. Before Glöckner's 2003 article on the origin of the Magnificat, and for some authors still after that, it was generally assumed that Bach had composed his Magnificat in the quiet time of Advent 1723 for a first performance at the Christmas vespers. Since that 2010 recording, by the way, Jacob has gone on to establish a career as a tenor in Switzerland. [MUSIC]BM: And then there are the rushing downward scales in the tenor’s “He brought down the powerful from their thrones,”, BM: only to turn around and climb back up those scales for “and lifted up the lowly.”. The tonus peregrinus variant that is associated with Luther's German Magnificat appears in compositions by, among others, Johann Hermann Schein, Heinrich Schütz, Johann Pachelbel and Dietrich Buxtehude. However, the piccolo trumpet is an instrument you need to know how to play because it doesn’t respond in the same way as a normal trumpet does. [44][76], Quia fecit mihi magna (Because he did great things for me) is an aria sung by the bass, accompanied only by the continuo. Through the course of almost half a century, J.S. Complete Trumpet Parts from BACH Magnificat in D major (MAGNIFICAT,FECIT POTENTIAM & GLORIA) for one A or Bb PICCOLO TRUMPET (1st Trumpet part) and Two C or Bb TRUMPETS (2nd & 3d trumpet parts). [83], The score of the E-flat major version of Bach's Magnificat was first published by Simrock in 1811, edited by Georg Pölchau, however with printing errors,[84] and without the Christmas hymns. [44] The score of that so-called "little" Magnificat (Kleine Magnificat) was rediscovered in the 20th century, and listed as BWV Anh. Toni cum canticis Ecclesiasticis, Magnificat (with German interpolations for Christmas), SSWV 299, "Die Leipziger Neukirchenmusik und das "Kleine Magnificat" BWV Anh. BM: But Bach’s Magnificat goes well beyond that one expression. [72] After a shorter ritornello, the tenor sings the complete text again, the first part in a slightly modified version, but the exaltation considerably expanded after which the ritornello in full length is repeated at the end.[72]. Johann Sebastian Bach's Magnificat, BWV 243, is a musical setting of the biblical canticle Magnificat. The unusual version of the likewise familiar Cantata No. While studying music at Cambridge University he was a member of the world-renowned Choir of Trinity College Cambridge under the director Stephen Layton with whom he was fortunate to tour Europe, the USA and Australia and record three highly acclaimed albums, one of which was nominated for a Grammy in 2011. Buescher Trumpets. [72] The first part of the text ends in a long cadenza. [70], The structure of Bach's Magnificat has been compared with that of Kuhnau's, which he probably knew, and with that of Johann Philipp Krieger's Magnificat of 1685, which Kuhnau probably knew. 1-49. The fifth and the ninth are in a major key, different from the tonic. And on Christmas Day, this community heard his most elaborate sacred work to date, a setting of the Song of Mary from the Gospel of Luke, the Magnificat. [37] In the movements for vocal soloists the instrumentation is as usual in Bach's cantata's: the soloists are accompanied by an obbligato instrument, only strings and/or continuo. [36][37][38] That would have been exactly ten years before the transposed version, and composed for the same Marian feast. [72], Deposuit potentes (He hath put down the mighty) is an aria for tenor, accompanied by continuo and unisono violins, presenting material in a 14 measure ritornello. The singers keep the leading role, while groups of instruments play additional motives. : Magnificat - A Bach Christmas. A. Dürr", "Bach Magnificat in D & E flat BWV 243 & 243a / (Novello edition ed. He had already dazzled his new community over the previous six months with a mind-boggling pace of cantata performances each week, only a handful of which weren’t completely new compositions. Trumpets. Trumpet: Bach: Magnificat in D Major. Bach, Johann Sebastian Et Exultavit from Magnificat BWV 243 midi file for Trumpet (midi) - 8notes.com [95] Performances of the Magnificat by, among others, Serge Koussevitzky and the Boston Symphony Orchestra were recorded in the 1940s and appeared on 78 rpm records. BWV 606 (in the Orgelbüchlein), 700, 701, 738 and 738a are chorale preludes based on the "Vom Himmel hoch" theme. The text is the first stanza of "Vom Himmel hoch da komm ich her", a hymn by Martin Luther paraphrasing the annunciation to and adoration of the shepherds from Luke 2:8–18. In Christianity, the feast commemorating that visit is called Visitation. 1 – mm. [25][26] Around Bach's time there are also examples by Heinichen and by Vivaldi. During that mourning period, which ran from Sexagesima Sunday (15 February) to the fourth Sunday after Trinity (28 June), no concerted music was allowed in the churches. It is scored for five vocal parts (two sopranos, alto, tenor and bass), and a Baroque orchestra including trumpets and timpani. Extending a standard SATB choir with more voice parts was however no novelty for Magnificat compositions: for example Johann Pachelbel, the teacher of Johann Sebastian's eldest brother, had composed half a dozen Magnificats for SSATB choir, and one for soli, SSATB double choir and orchestra. [79] By the end of that century "The Magnificat in D (was) considered one of the grandest illustrations of Bach's genius. [42][43] Apart from the extant copies of the Latin Magnificat BWV 243, of the German Magnificat BWV 10 and of the chorale harmonisation BWV 324, a Magnificat for soprano solo was considered lost in the 19th century. [88], The D major version of Bach's Magnificat didn't appear in print before the Bach-revival that followed Mendelssohn's 1829 performance of the St Matthew Passion. The Magnificat was written for Christmas Vespers, 1723 and has a wonderful lilting quality to it, almost like a Lullaby. Another German libretto paraphrasing the Magnificat, published by Picander in his 1728–29 cantata cycle for performance on 2 July 1728, may have been set by Bach. Bach’s Magnificat has some of the best excerpts for piccolo trumpet in the orchestra. Review by: David Vernier. Measure 31–45: The sopranos enter first, with the first main motive, and from measure 32 alto and tenor imitate the same. [69] When inserting the Christmas hymns, building up to the seventh movement alternates arias with choral movements, while in the second half of the composition the choral movements at the outer ends are separated by a set of four arias: solo → solo → duet → trio. 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