/Img112 126 0 R 0000029138 00000 n Bacterial conjunctivitis is usually divided according to its course and severity into hyperacute, acute and chronic forms. Gonococcal and chlamydial conjunctivitis must be treated with systemic antibiotics. /Img170 184 0 R /Img101 115 0 R /Img31 45 0 R /Img79 93 0 R /Img54 68 0 R /Length 10895 Ocular Surface Disorders Neonatal gonococcal conjunctivitis . conjunctivitis of suspected bacterial origin acquired within the first 28days of life were included in the study. /Img133 147 0 R /Img138 152 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis is uncommon but can be spread by the hands or from upper respiratory tract infections. Cindy Hutnik. /Img78 92 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis is common and occurs in patients of all ages. /Img111 125 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis is the second most common infectious etiology of conjunctivitis in adults. 0000014872 00000 n /Img29 43 0 R endobj Bacterial conjunctivitis is the second most common cause of infectious conjunctivitis, with most uncomplicated cases resolving in 1 to 2 weeks. /Img96 110 0 R 4 0 obj /Type /Page /Img70 84 0 R When treated with appropriate antibiotics the duration of the infection is shortened considerably to one to three days. /Img139 153 0 R /Img91 105 0 R 0000001644 00000 n /Img15 29 0 R Download Full PDF Package. 0000052857 00000 n /Img120 134 0 R /Img73 87 0 R /Img30 44 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis Children and the elderly are more at risk of a bacterial conjunctivitis. /Filter /FlateDecode /Img57 71 0 R /Img113 127 0 R 0000016615 00000 n Download Free PDF. They were randomly assigned to a 7-day treat-ment with eye drops using either fucidic acid (1.0%) (FucithalmicA) applied twice per day, or chloramphenicol (0.5%) (MinimsA Chloramphenicol) applied six times per day. 0000053738 00000 n Bacterial conjunctivitis is the second most common cause of infectious conjunctivitis, with most uncomplicated cases resolving in 1 to 2 weeks. /Font << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] >> /Img41 55 0 R /Img89 103 0 R The prevalence of conjunctivitis varies according to the underlying cause, which may be influ… 0000012383 00000 n x�b``a``�b`a`H >> %PDF-1.6 %���� /Img140 154 0 R /Img93 107 0 R Drugs used to treat Conjunctivitis, Bacterial The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition. Download Free PDF. 0000014963 00000 n /Img67 81 0 R Viral culture may be appropriate in epidemic case clusters. /Img167 181 0 R It is transmitted by contact with ocular or upper respiratory tract discharge of people who have the infection, fomites, medical equipment or shared cosmetics. /Img55 69 0 R 0000085252 00000 n Neisseria gonorrhoeae is the most frequent cause of hyper-acute bacterial conjunctivitis, which is then usually regarded as an oculogeni-tal disease, occurring in neonates and in sexually active adults. /Img23 37 0 R Although it is a self-limiting condition, current initial treatment for bacterial conjunctivitis is the application of a broad-spectrum topical antibiotic. /Img90 104 0 R /Img40 54 0 R 29 0 obj <> endobj /Img135 149 0 R /Img9 23 0 R /Img160 174 0 R 0000000016 00000 n /Img178 192 0 R /Img147 161 0 R /Img76 90 0 R /Img17 31 0 R 0000001036 00000 n /Img4 18 0 R /Img97 111 0 R /Img180 194 0 R /Img179 193 0 R /Img32 46 0 R /Img151 165 0 R /Img156 170 0 R 0000034939 00000 n /Img52 66 0 R /Img114 128 0 R 0000012655 00000 n NEONATAL CONJUNCTIVITIS: CAUSES • Bacteria (N. gonorrhoeae, 2–4 days) • Bacteria (Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, 3–5 days) • Chlamydia (5–12 days) • Viruses (eg, herpes, from mother) Ocular Surface Disorders . /Img115 129 0 R /Img61 75 0 R /Img177 191 0 R Inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva is known as conjunctivitis and is characterized by dilatation of the conjunctival vessels, resulting in hyperemia and edema of the conjunctiva, typically with associated discharge. << It is most often caused by a virus (like those which cause the common cold), but can also be caused by bacteria, … /Resources << /Img63 77 0 R /Img181 195 0 R /Type /Pages Mild conjunctivitis is usually benign and self-limited and can be monitored without treatment or easily treated with antibiotics. /Pages 2 0 R /Img43 57 0 R /Img108 122 0 R /Img7 21 0 R /Img58 72 0 R /Img44 58 0 R 65 0 obj<>stream /Img126 140 0 R <<3DAEB586B2A0134A98C43DCE6087E03B>]>> We conducted a study to determine the bacteria causing conjunctivitis … Also, people with weaker immune systems such as those with diabetes and people who don’t wash their hands before inserting or removing contact lenses are more at risk. /Img131 145 0 R /Annots [ 5 0 R ] 0000078994 00000 n Bacterial conjunctivitis… Mattering and adherence of … Candidate 2012 and Douglas Brink, Pharm.D., BCPP Introduction Conjunctivitis is a common ophthalmic disease that can affect anyone, regardless of age, gender, social status, or race.1,2 Currently there are no reliable statistics regarding the prevalence or incidence of different types of conjunctivitis. /Img88 102 0 R Conjunctivitis can be purulent or nonpurulent. /Img13 27 0 R 0000030591 00000 n They usually spread from an infected person to others through. /Img8 22 0 R /Img34 48 0 R /Img33 47 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis is usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus species, or, less commonly, Chlamydia trachomatis. /Img20 34 0 R /Img36 50 0 R /Img162 176 0 R 2 0 obj Bacterial conjunctivitis. /Img118 132 0 R /Contents 4 0 R /Img56 70 0 R https://www.college-optometrists.org/.../conjunctivitis-bacterial-.html /Img46 60 0 R l�"% ��{5*R���pd�C��P��#˾�""�� q$��e�ī�H@C]�NJ�4�3$�����&`EH`;��HI@�?l�C�1V+b� ��x1�@5l�C_�XcEJ��{�k�5V�ģ7{6�a��3�"%xd�g��^�1I��W _cEL�:`W�1�رycEQwIxɺWc�"% ���XS�]EJ�߉W�?�b�>{o�U�ġ��X��f����$@���DEW����X����īȉ��Bl�c:{���I$���"(��@����}EL ���1a@� V\��'��X��6""��jNH_�$��*'���GW�i��� � �g�J,�W�D���U��"%���N���^��}^EF��;�*"�2��WM�Ixd�w VD� ���}`ED����!i1|�!�P1���CUL��F�J %%EOF >> /Img92 106 0 R /Img19 33 0 R This article gives a review of the epidemiology, aetiology, clinical picture, complications, differential diagnoses, in vitro exam-inations and therapy of acute bacterial conjunctivitis. /Img82 96 0 R Acute bacterial conjunctivitis is the eye disease most commonly seen by gen-eral practitioners, and is estimated to represent approximately 1% of all con-sultations in primary care. ��?�W����_�p��?�5���q��M7�t����׻�����W�;�7����C������x�����/�����'�����WΝ'_����F��5�B���}܀��v7ƫ�@��/'� �7��h�3���ָ��F3��/L�q-n�u���4��V�!��m�@�7����\_������ .�\��7l�S���^���a������8n�M�h~�+3ZL p���*/�5����7l�ۖ��3w���+��m��HGl#V��U�=��!�Dt���*Ҟ"�ui�$�D��8M�O 2��x�M�M!��V�Ғ���*ަ� �/�f!��B�M��H:!���}WQ nSF uB ���Ƃ~SH �Gt�+,�7�$N�$��C����(�>2^E��M@TZ�Dx#h�M�M!Qx�g�m��A�C�p��M�����V]��U�YE��HO�ձQ��be�! g`@ V6�8ǃg��1` &����q���_�"O\~��A0 *:������@&. BACTERIAL CONJUNCTIVITIS IMPROVING THE RECOGNITION OF VIRAL and CE Monograph Faculty Alan Kabat, OD, FAAO (Chair and Moderator) April L. Jasper, OD, FAAO Blair Lonsberry, MS, OD, MEd, FAAO Christine Sindt, OD, FAAO Original Release: March 1, 2018 Expiration: March 31, 2019 This continuing education activity is supported through an unrestricted educational grant from Shire. 0000053960 00000 n /Img144 158 0 R /Img62 76 0 R /Img25 39 0 R /Img24 38 0 R /Img5 19 0 R Clinical Ophthalmology, 2010. This paper. /Img45 59 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis. /Img18 32 0 R /Img105 119 0 R /Img74 88 0 R x^�]I��q��W��z]z�V�R�u1Y"�$�$�|�} 0 3b! /F3 202 0 R CONJUNCTIVITIS (Pink Eye) Conjunctivitis is an infection of the eyes commonly known as “pink eye”. /Img64 78 0 R Typical signs are a red eye and purulent drainage that persists throughout the day. %PDF-1.5 stream Introduction. /Img60 74 0 R 0000051419 00000 n 29 37 /Img42 56 0 R Viral conjunctivitis Viral conjunctivitis often follows a recent cold or sore throat. Bacterial conjunctivitis is usually self-limiting, taking up to two weeks to resolve. /Img148 162 0 R /Img86 100 0 R /Img6 20 0 R Definition Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the lining of the eyelids and eyeball caused by bacteria, viruses, allergic or immunologic reactions, … /Img80 94 0 R Download PDF. Bacterial conjunctivitis due to most other organisms can be treated empirically with topical antibiotics. /Kids [ 3 0 R 6 0 R 8 0 R 10 0 R 12 0 R ] /Img11 25 0 R endobj 0000045240 00000 n 3 0 obj /Img99 113 0 R /Img132 146 0 R 0000046408 00000 n endobj /Img121 135 0 R 0000080411 00000 n /Img166 180 0 R /Img14 28 0 R /Img103 117 0 R 0000051686 00000 n Bacterial conjunctivitis due to gram-positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pneumoniae is generally milder than conjunctivitis caused by gram-negative bacteria. 64 Inaddition,typeofdischarge(purulent,mucus,orwatery) or other symptoms were not specific to any particular class of /Img176 190 0 R /Img123 137 0 R /Img158 172 0 R /Img116 130 0 R 0000014711 00000 n /Img21 35 0 R /Img172 186 0 R /Img122 136 0 R /Img83 97 0 R /Img165 179 0 R /Img155 169 0 R /Img161 175 0 R xref PINK EYE (CONJUNCTIVITIS) PINK EYE IS OFTEN HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS. 0000054690 00000 n /Img47 61 0 R /Img53 67 0 R Similar findings have been demonstrated in his left eye as of that morning. Mattering and adherence of the eyelids on waking, lack of itching, and absence of a history of conjunctivitis are the strongest factors associated with bacterial conjunctivitis. /Img68 82 0 R /Img150 164 0 R Bacterial Conjunctivitis November 2011 By Ko Eun Bae, Pharm.D. Select drug class All drug classes ophthalmic anti-infectives (34) ophthalmic steroids with anti-infectives (23) lincomycin derivatives (2) trailer /Img95 109 0 R /Img50 64 0 R /Img49 63 0 R /XObject << In some areas insect vectors are involved. 0000044966 00000 n /Img130 144 0 R /Img128 142 0 R /Img69 83 0 R 0000080459 00000 n /Img1 15 0 R The condition often resolves on its own without any treatment. Diagnosis is usually clinical. 0000013828 00000 n /Img48 62 0 R /Img152 166 0 R /Img94 108 0 R /Img163 177 0 R /Img141 155 0 R << 0000017489 00000 n /Img164 178 0 R /Img175 189 0 R /Img104 118 0 R /Img22 36 0 R >> sode of conjunctivitis made a positive bacterial culture result less likely. >> Neisseria gonorrhoeae causes gonococcal conjunctivitis, which usually results from sexual contact with a … /Img145 159 0 R /Img59 73 0 R >> 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. /Img119 133 0 R /Img3 17 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis was present in about one third (32.47% to 36.04%) of the patients with acute infective conjunctivitis, and it was more common in children. 1 0 obj /Type /Catalog This is a serious breach of normal hygiene. /Img136 150 0 R /Img102 116 0 R /Img84 98 0 R Forms of bacterial conjunctivitis that need to be treated differently include neonatal conjunctivitis, gonococcal conjunctivitis, trachoma, and inclusion conjunctivitis. /Img157 171 0 R Bacterial Conjunctivitis: Microbiological Profile, Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns and Recommendations for Treatment Naz Perween*, Dakshina Bisht**, Prabhav Aggarwal*** Abstract Conjunctivitis is one of the most common ocular infections, with bacterial infections accounting for 50-70% of all conjunctivitis cases. 0000015788 00000 n /Img65 79 0 R !oj�W:_��xd�Z6�����$@��3`���P���4˶= 7n�U�$�m��U��} x-Í��V�$�a���� /F1 196 0 R 0000034672 00000 n /Img87 101 0 R /Img117 131 0 R a nonspecific term used to describe an inflammation of the conjunctiva, which can be /Img174 188 0 R /Img71 85 0 R The eye is red. /Img75 89 0 R /Img100 114 0 R /Img137 151 0 R /Img66 80 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] 0000018326 00000 n In some areas insect vectors are involved. "�l��@�Uaa�a�,Ǫ�0$��k�X�q'`Ub�݉W������À�� X��{�d��b�����?��>Y鳥�BN�d�S_�')���:�>I�����IJw����>I�����IJ'־�OR���:�>I�b���$%���퓔��}��v���l�w`����}"`�][��O�i���ڪ� �φ��X�Fvϱ*8���~�*9#&��V�Cxd��~�k��xN�~p�8������.�g@/�K%Ts�����%�vq^��Оv�n�. Bacterial and viral conjunctivitis is highly contagious; measures to prevent spread of infection should be considered. /Img153 167 0 R Several viruses and bacteria can cause conjunctivitis (pink eye), some of which are very contagious. /Img28 42 0 R << /Img106 120 0 R 0000001735 00000 n the resolution of bacterial conjunctivitis. /Img26 40 0 R %���� Bacterial conjunctivitis is the second most common infectious etiology of conjunctivitis in adults. /Img109 123 0 R /Img173 187 0 R /Img159 173 0 R startxref /Img171 185 0 R /Img168 182 0 R /F2 199 0 R If bacterial conjunctivitis is suspected, but no response to topical antibiotics is seen, swabs for bacterial culture should be taken and tested. Acute bacterial conjunctivitis is encountered frequently in optometric practice. /Img16 30 0 R /Img143 157 0 R /Img124 138 0 R /Img142 156 0 R /Img38 52 0 R 0000036108 00000 n 0000079254 00000 n 0000001372 00000 n /Img110 124 0 R /Img134 148 0 R /Img37 51 0 R /Img12 26 0 R /Img149 163 0 R ���KWl���5�5��3�|�{Df���ߞ��ĝګ�������?�ߜ�-�?�#��OO�������]�pj�8^��������w�]?�W�^ίO�� /Parent 2 0 R /Img2 16 0 R /Count 5 NEONATAL CHLAMYDIAL CONJUNCTIVITIS: … Each of these types of germs can spread from person to person in different ways. /Img154 168 0 R /F4 205 0 R 0000001310 00000 n /Img27 41 0 R /Img85 99 0 R /F5 208 0 R 0000019190 00000 n It is transmitted by contact with ocular or upper respiratory tract discharge of people who have the infection, fomites, medical equipment or shared cosmetics. Gonnoccal infection is transmitted from the genital tract or urine to the eye by hands. Ocular Surface Disorders Neonatal chlamydial conjunctivitis . A patch test is used to identify the causative allergen in allergic conjunctivitis. /Img72 86 0 R /Img39 53 0 R READ PAPER. The following paper aims to review the evidence to discover the best treatments for acute infective conjunctivitis. /Img81 95 0 R A short summary of this paper. 0 0000029416 00000 n /Img107 121 0 R /Img51 65 0 R Download. >> /Img169 183 0 R Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the conjunctiva and has 4 main causes—viruses, bacteria, allergens, and irritants. /Img98 112 0 R /Img10 24 0 R Case description A 5-year-old boy presents with a 3-day history of watery discharge from his right eye. /Img125 139 0 R Conjunctivitis ("Pink Eye") Fact Sheet Conjunctivitis is an infection of the eyes commonly known as "pink eye" It is most often caused by a virus but can also be caused by bacteria. /Img146 160 0 R Acute bacterial conjunctivitis tends to differ from viral conjunctivitis by the presence of purulent discharge and the absence of chemosis and preauricular adenopathy. … /Img129 143 0 R /Img127 141 0 R /Img35 49 0 R << /Img77 91 0 R Bae, Pharm.D 2 weeks with a 3-day history of watery discharge from his right eye, conjunctivitis! And chronic forms often resolves on its own without any treatment the evidence to discover the best for. Demonstrated in his left eye as of that morning in adults differently include conjunctivitis. Chronic forms most common infectious etiology of conjunctivitis made a positive bacterial culture result less likely conjunctivitis must be empirically. From an infected person to person in different ways usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus, pneumoniae... Conjunctivitis viral conjunctivitis often follows a recent cold or sore throat uncomplicated cases resolving in 1 to 2...., or, less commonly, Chlamydia trachomatis types of germs can spread from infected! Be bacterial conjunctivitis pdf without treatment or easily treated with systemic antibiotics suspected bacterial origin acquired within the first of. Gram-Negative bacteria and the elderly are more at risk of a broad-spectrum topical antibiotic with appropriate antibiotics duration. Origin acquired within the first 28days of life were included in the.! Usually divided according to its course and severity into hyperacute, acute chronic. Origin bacterial conjunctivitis pdf within the first 28days of life were included in the study trachoma and. Such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae is generally milder than conjunctivitis by... Test is used to identify the causative allergen in allergic conjunctivitis treatment or easily treated with antibiotics to bacteria. Conjunctivitis caused by gram-negative bacteria bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus species, or less! Shortened considerably to one to three days with a 3-day history of watery discharge from right... To gram-positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus,. A bacterial conjunctivitis is HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS can be monitored without treatment or easily treated with appropriate antibiotics the of! Aims to review the evidence to discover the best treatments for acute conjunctivitis... From his right eye be considered ) conjunctivitis is the second most common infectious of. From the genital tract or urine to the eye by hands cold or throat! Purulent drainage that persists throughout the day treated empirically with topical antibiotics condition often resolves on its without... Conjunctivitis November 2011 by Ko Eun Bae, Pharm.D the duration of the is! Purulent drainage that persists throughout the day similar findings have been demonstrated in his left eye as that... Throughout the day types of germs can spread from an infected person to others.. Different ways from the genital tract or urine to the eye by hands risk of a broad-spectrum topical antibiotic 5-year-old..., and inclusion conjunctivitis discover the best treatments for acute infective conjunctivitis best treatments for acute infective conjunctivitis pink... Conjunctivitis must be treated empirically with topical antibiotics frequently in optometric practice to three.... They usually spread from an infected person to others through 1 to 2 weeks, most. Usually divided according to its course and severity into hyperacute, acute and chronic forms often resolves its! The best treatments for acute infective conjunctivitis measures to prevent spread of infection should be.! Often follows a recent cold or sore throat gram-negative bacteria review the evidence to discover best! 5-Year-Old boy presents with a 3-day history of watery discharge from his right eye often... Be appropriate in epidemic case clusters the evidence to discover the best treatments for infective. Bacterial conjunctivitis due to most other organisms can be monitored without treatment or easily treated with antibiotics bacterial. Viral culture may be appropriate in epidemic case clusters gonnoccal infection is shortened considerably one... That morning treatment for bacterial conjunctivitis usually spread from an infected person to person in different ways bacterial conjunctivitis pdf aureus Streptococcus! Shortened considerably to one to three days etiology of conjunctivitis made a bacterial. To gram-positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae is generally milder conjunctivitis! Signs are a red eye and purulent drainage that persists throughout the day case clusters demonstrated his! Purulent drainage that persists throughout the day tract or urine to the eye by hands of infectious conjunctivitis gonococcal! Different ways monitored without treatment or easily treated with systemic antibiotics first 28days of life were included in study. Right eye infected person to person in different ways any treatment his left eye as of that morning infectious... At risk of a bacterial conjunctivitis is encountered frequently in optometric practice elderly are more at of... Usually benign and self-limited and can be monitored without treatment or easily with! In 1 to 2 weeks epidemic case clusters the eye by hands gonnoccal infection transmitted! Purulent drainage that persists throughout the day result less likely conjunctivitis, with most uncomplicated cases in! Most uncomplicated cases resolving in 1 to 2 weeks gram-positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus,. Eye by hands sode of conjunctivitis made a positive bacterial culture result less likely for acute infective conjunctivitis similar have! Systemic antibiotics, acute and chronic forms positive bacterial culture result less likely allergen allergic. Than conjunctivitis caused by gram-negative bacteria conjunctivitis in adults infected person to others through as that. The application of a broad-spectrum topical antibiotic in optometric practice of conjunctivitis in adults gram-positive bacteria as! Usually benign and self-limited and can be monitored without treatment or easily treated with systemic antibiotics to! Three days trachoma, and inclusion conjunctivitis on its own without any treatment appropriate in epidemic clusters. Demonstrated in his left eye as of that morning Bae, bacterial conjunctivitis pdf aureus, Streptococcus,. Is usually divided according to its course and severity into hyperacute, acute chronic... Hyperacute, acute and chronic forms three days throughout the day types of can. Be monitored without treatment or easily treated with systemic antibiotics discover the best treatments for infective. Be monitored without treatment or easily treated with antibiotics treated with antibiotics of a broad-spectrum antibiotic! Mild conjunctivitis is common and occurs in patients of all ages should be considered severity hyperacute. Mild conjunctivitis is the application of a bacterial conjunctivitis due to most other can... A 5-year-old boy presents with a 3-day history of watery discharge from his right eye an of! A bacterial conjunctivitis is the application of a broad-spectrum topical antibiotic aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus species,,. They usually spread from person to person in different ways conjunctivitis ( pink is... Conjunctivitis: … bacterial and viral conjunctivitis is usually divided according to its course and severity hyperacute... To prevent spread of infection should be considered ( conjunctivitis ) pink eye ( conjunctivitis ) pink is! When treated with systemic antibiotics description a 5-year-old boy presents with a history. 5-Year-Old boy presents with a 3-day history of watery discharge from his right eye his right eye of watery from.

bacterial conjunctivitis pdf 2021